On 19 June 1999, the ministers of education of 29 European countries signed the Bologna Accords. Since 2005 the University of Luxembourg has offered BMD qualification schemes (Bachelor/Master/Doctorate) in accordance with the European Union.
What is the aim of these accords?
- Difficulties regarding the recognition of qualifications and rigid national systems hampered student and staff mobility.
- Higher education in Europa had many deficits: high drop-out rates, too long periods of study, low employability.
- European universities were not very attractive for non-European students.
- Creating a European higher education space
- Harmonising higher education systems by offering the same diplomas throughout Europe
- Increasing international student mobility by simplifying transfers from one university to another, from one country to another
- Encouraging cooperation between institutions, countries and national systems regarding quality assurance
- Increasing the competitiveness of European higher education and its attractiveness on a global scale
- Access to an international job market.
- Higher education systems based on three degrees irrespective of local qualification names: Baccalaureate (or Licence or Bachelor), Master, Doctorate
- Adoption of a clear and easy-to-compare diploma system accompanied by Diploma Supplements (DS). (The Diploma Supplement is an appendix providing detailed explanations on the qualification, the skills acquired by the student, etc. It is a method to explain and upgrade the contents of the student’s training.)
- Implementation of the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)
- Organisation in semesters and units of learning
- Development of competences and transversal skills (languages, computer skills, communication techniques…)