The University Library offers publications needed by historians, whether as secondary literature or as source editions, whether in printed or electronic form. The collections are located at the Luxembourg Learning Center in Belval.

All documents, whether in paper or electronic form, are listed in the catalogue


A selection of new acquisitions

Hitler’s ‘Mein Kampf’ and the Holocaust: A Prelude to Genocide
Michalczyk, John J., Michael S. Bryant, and Michalczyk, Susan A. : 2022



The Invention of International Order: Remaking Europe after Napoleon
Sluga, Glenda : 2022



Handbook Digital Public History
ed. by Serge Noiret ... [et al.]
Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg



Public History : A Textbook of Practice
2nd ed.
Cauvin, Thomas
New York: Routledge

Here you find all the new print book acquisitions of the LLC. New e-books are available via a-z. Lu.

If you have an acquisition suggestion, send the bibliographic data to
If you are a member of staff, please use the form provided on the library pages of the UL-Intranet (ULI).
You need to log in first, then select “The University” -> “Library” -> “Procedures and Policies” (if you are already logged in, click here).

Key specialised databases

The type of information found in databases varies widely:

A bibliographic database contains bibliographic details on written texts, i.e. title, author, publisher, possibly abstracts, whereas in a full text database you will also find the texts themselves. The focus of the database in terms of content and period covered must also be taken into account.

When searching for texts on German history, the Historical Bibliography is recommended.

Online Historical Bibliography


This bibliography contains historiographical texts published in the Federal Republic of Germany – i.e., not only on German history, but also on European and non-European history.

Compiled by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft historischer Forschungseinrichtungen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (AHF), it lists monographs and articles from journals and anthologies dating back to 1990 (as the year of publication). It is also available in print. Unpublished (i.e., very recent) research findings are listed in a supplement, the Jahrbuch der historischen Forschung / Yearbook of Historical Research.



When searching for journals, people should be aware of the following distinction:

Journal directories list journal titles (such as “Zeitschrift für Reformationgeschichte”) but not the individual articles contained in them, whereas you can find details of the individual articles in journal table of contents (TOC) indexes. A journal archive also contains the articles themselves as a full database.

Journal directories

From a size perspective, the largest journal directories in Germany are the Zeitschriftendatenbank (Journal Database) and the Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (Electronic Journals Library).

The Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB) / Electronic Journals Library

The EZB is a database in which many German libraries list their data. However, it only contains online journals whose texts are available in full text – whether free or for a fee. Searches can be started via an alphabetical title list, a subject list or with the help of an input mask. A traffic light system is used to show the local availability of the texts found.

Journal tables of contents (TOC) indexes

Journal TOC indexes provide information not only on journal titles, but also on the titles of the articles they contain. Useful interdisciplinary and subject-specific journal TOC indexes for historians:

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

The Directory of Open Access Journals lists journal articles from all academic disciplines as long as the journals are open access, meaning that any text found there can be viewed and downloaded.

Full-text databases and journal archives

Full-text databases are ones containing not only the bibliographic data, but also the texts themselves.

Journal Storage (JSTOR)

JSTOR was born out of necessity: because scientific journals take up a lot of space over the years – many appear over decades –, a US foundation founded JSTOR in 1995 in cooperation with the University of Michigan. Printed journal volumes were to be digitalised and stored in electronic form to reduce the space needed and to allow many institutions to share the stored data.

JSTOR is an interdisciplinary journal archive.

Established and maintained in the US, the focus of the collected texts is on English-language journals.

The special feature of JSTOR is its so-called “Moving Wall”. In order for journal publishers to continue to sell their current texts but participate in JSTOR, journal issues are offered with a time lag of between 1 and 11 years.


Run by a number of academic libraries, DigiZeitschriften can be considered JSTOR’s “small German brother”.

It is a predominantly German-language journal archive containing articles from core journals in the humanities and social sciences.

Featuring 351 journals from the field of historical sciences, it also applies the “moving wall” principle, i.e., journal issues are added to the archive with a time lag of several years.


Founded in 2005 by four Belgian and French academic publishers, offers the most comprehensive online collection of francophone publications in social sciences and humanities. In 2019, more than 500 journals and 10 000 eBooks from major French, Belgian and Swiss publishers were available to students, scholars and librarians worldwide.


Persée is a digital library of open-access, mostly French-language scholarly journals, established by the Ministry of National Education of France. Launched in 2005, the website is one of the largest francophone portals dedicated to human and social sciences, with about 600 000 documents freely available. Journal issues are offered with a time lag of 2 - 5 years.


OpenEdition is a comprehensive electronic infrastructure for academic communication in the humanities and social sciences. It combines four platforms dedicated to books, journals, research blogs, and academic announcements respectively. The majority of the content is available via Open Access.

Information on e-journals can be found here.


Bibliographien zur Alten Geschichte / Bibliographies on Ancient History

L’Année Philologique (APh)

The Année Philologique lists international books, reviews and journal articles on all areas of ancient studies, as long as they deal with a topic from the period between 2000 B.C. to about 800 A.D. 

Playing a key role in classical studies, this bibliography is subtitled “Bibliographie critique et analytique de l’antiquité gréco-latine”. Published by the Société internationale de bibliographie classique (SIBC) in Paris, it appears both in print and online.

Ways of accessing texts

Electronic media are now used almost exclusively when searching for literature. In individual cases – for example for an in-depth study of a specific topic – it may however still be necessary to search for literature in printed bibliographies or conventional catalogues.

When working with literature and sources, the use of print media is indispensable, because in the historical sciences not every significant scientific study is available in electronic form and many older publications are not digitalised. However, the number of texts completely available electronically is rapidly increasing. Digital texts are offered in many different ways.

Digital libraries

Perseus Digital Library

Perseus Digital Library is a digital collection offered by Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts. Its origin lies in the field of classical antiquities. Historians of ancient times will find a wide range of primary and secondary literature on Greek and Roman history.


Gallica is the digitalisation project conducted by the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris (BNF), in which books and journals, maps, images and sound recordings are being digitalised. While most of them come from the BNF, some come from other institutions. Gallica offers a great deal of historically relevant material, albeit with a clear focus on the history of France.

Selection by document type, by subject, by geographic area, or via an alphabetical drop-down menu.

World Digital Library (Bibliothèque numérique mondiale)

The World Digital Library was founded by UNESCO and the Library of Congress and is now supported by many companies, libraries, archives and other institutions from many parts of the world. The material stored in the World Digital Library includes texts as well as images, maps, plans and films.


Europeana has the same goal at European level as the World Digital Library but contains many more documents and is therefore much better suited for scientific research. The portal was set up in 2005 by the European Union in cooperation with the Dutch National Library. Its goal is to make Europe’s cultural heritage, in all its diversity, digitally accessible to as many people as possible. Europeana contains archived documents, museum exhibits, texts of all kinds and audiovisual media. A simple search is possible, which can then be further refined.

When displaying the results, a distinction can be made between the types of material offered (texts, images, audio documents, etc.).

Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) / German Digital Library

As the national counterpart to the World Digital Library and as the German section of Europeana, the DDB pursues the goal of making important German cultural history records accessible to as many people as possible free of charge.


Online primary source collections

Sources are the main basis for the work of any historian, as they represent ties to the past.

When source texts are collected, annotated, contextualised, and published in print or electronically according to content-related or formal criteria, this makes up a primary source collection.

Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH)

The Monumenta Germaniae Historica collection is certainly the best known and most important source collection on the medieval history of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations.

Founded in 1819 by the Reichsfreiherr vom Stein, the MGH continues to be expanded by the institution of the same name, which also publishes secondary literature as well as scholarly journals (e.g. the Deutsche Archiv des Mittelalters / German Archive of the Middle Ages). Texts from the period 500-1500 A.D. are the primary focus, although earlier or later sources may also be found in the MGH.

The MGH is divided into five main series, each of which edits different text genres:

  1. Scriptores: historiographies
  2. Leges: laws
  3. Diplomata: charters
  4. Epistolae: letters
  5. Antiquitates: poetry, necrologies

In a joint project started in 2004 between the MGH and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the print collection is currently being digitalised, creating the digital MGH. Recently published volumes are integrated into the digital edition three years after their publication in print (“moving wall”). All texts are listed as full text. Searching for sources can be done both via MGH departments and volumes or via a search mask.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO)

ECCO contains texts from all subject areas, whereby the majority of the works were printed in Great Britain and are therefore in English.

National Socialism, Holocaust, Resistance and Exile (1933-1945)

As part of the online series “Deutsche Geschichte im 20. Jahrhundert / 20th -century German History”, the collection of sources relating to “Nationalsozialismus, Holocaust, Widerstand und Exil / National Socialism, Holocaust, Resistance and Exile” was published by De Gruyter Verlag in 2006. A license is required to access the sources. The database contains extensive primary literature on the topics mentioned in the title. Among others, the following document types are to be found:

  • Subject files, including correspondence from the highest Third Reich institutions, especially from the NSDAP chancellery
  • Hitler’s speeches, writings and orders
  • The diaries of Joseph Goebbels
  • Gestapo reports on opinions and situations from the Reich and the annexed and occupied territories
  • Indictments and judgments of the People’s Court
  • Expatriation and deportation lists
  • Covert letters from Nazi opponents

Supplementary material, such as introductory texts, statistics and biographical articles supports the source work. All texts are fully searchable, as well as being retrievable via several indexes (index of persons, index of subjects and index of places).


E-books are nowadays distributed online by many publishers via so-called e-book platforms, both as individual works and as large collections of electronic texts (e-book packages).

In historical studies, e-books play a comparatively minor role in the dissemination and reception of scientific research results. Larger collections of historiographical texts (as an alternative to print editions) can be found, for example, in the following e-book offering:

Oxford Scholarship Online History

The collection includes research texts published by Oxford University Press on a variety of subjects, including history.


More information on e-books can be found here.

Online reference works

The following reference works are available online:

Universal encyclopedias

Brockhaus Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia Britannica 

Encyclopædia Universalis

Modern encyclopedias of history

Das Lexikon des Mittelalters (LexMA) / The Lexicon of the Middle Ages 

Since its publication between 1977 and 1999, Lexma is considered the key German-language reference work on medieval research. It covers questions related to medieval studies from the late antiquity (c. 300 AD) to 1500 AD.

As with most bibliographies on the Middle Ages, LexMA is not thematically restricted to political history, but also includes medieval art, society, law and literature. The geographic focus is on Europe, though North Africa, the Middle East, the Orient, and the Arab world are also included.

Requiring a license, the online edition is offered in conjunction with the International Encyclopedia for the Middle Ages (IEMA), a supplement to LexMA that is updated annually. The articles in the supplement are written in English.

Searches can be done alphabetically, by English or German search term, but also by author or subject area.

Handbooks / Quick references

Scientific handbooks / quick references are indispensable tools for getting familiarised with a new subject or an unfamiliar period: readers gain an overview of the current research situation, learn about current research trends or disputes within the discipline, and become familiar with the source material on the topic. Historical handbooks exist on numerous topics and from just as many publishers.


Crowcroft, Robert, John Cannon, and Credo Reference , Distributor. The Oxford Companion to British History. Second Edition; [Enhanced Credo ed. 2019. Oxford Quick Reference. Web.



Historiographical collections are located on floor + 3 in the Luxembourg Learning Center:

  • General history
  • History of the ancient world (to c. 499)
  • History of Europe
  • History of Luxembourg
  • History of Asia
  • History of Africa
  • History of North America
  • History of South America
  • History of other areas

Some collections are stored in the depot on floor -2.


The library’s history collections are classified under the Dewey Decimal System (DDC) and arranged according to subject. The following DDC overview is an example of the main history classes:

900 History

920 Biography and genealogy

930 History of the ancient world (to c. 499), Archaeology

940 History of Europe

950 History of Asia

960 History of Africa

970 History of North America

980 History of South America

990 History of other areas

Each document belonging to the library collection is given a unique signature containing information allowing all library users to easily find its location within the library.

Reference books

  • The Oldenbourg Grundriss der Geschichte is a series of books published since 1978, where introductions to the world’s historical cultures (e.g." Greek History", "The Frankish Empire", or "History of China 1279-1949") have been contributed by renowned experts. The volumes are revised at regular intervals and the series is being continually expanded.
  • Modern historical encyclopedias
  • The Neue Pauly is a standard reference work on classical antiquity with a special focus on the reception of antiquity, a field intensively researched in recent decades. Published from 1996 to 2003 as a 19-volume print edition, it is now complemented by an online version requiring a license.


For performing research, access to journal articles is also essential in the historical sciences.

The journals available in the Luxembourg Learning Center are listed in the catalogue

Here is a selection:

L’antiquité classique

An annual Belgian journal focusing on Greek and Roman Antiquity

Archiv für Diplomatik, Schriftgeschichte, Siegel- und Wappenkunde

A journal offering an international forum for the research and presentations from the fundamental historical sciences and their neighbouring disciplines, from the Early Middle Ages to the present)

BIOS : Zeitschrift für Biographieforschung, Oral History und Lebensverlaufsanalysen

A journal for biographical research, oral history and life course analysis

Chiron : Mitteilungen der Kommission für alte Geschichte und Epigraphik des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts

A journal of the Commission for Ancient History and Epigraphy, released with an annual periodicity. In Chiron articles are published which cover the area of ancient history including epigraphy, papyrology, numismatics and historic topography

Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters

The DA publishes critical studies in preparation for and accompaning MGH editions and reports on the current state of international mediaeval research

Geschichte und Gesellschaft: Zeitschrift für historische Sozialwissenschaft

A quarterly journal that aims to encompass all topics concerning the research of Social History

Hémecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte

A quarterly journal on the history of Luxembourg

Journal of World History


Mediaevistik: Internationale Zeitschrift für interdisziplinäre Mittelalterforschung

This German journal offers a forum for studies in all important European languages and thus stressing and furthering the internationality of this particular field of research. The timeframe is approx. the 5th to the 16th century, corresponding to the geographical boundaries of Latin Christianity in the High Middle Ages

Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften

An Austrian journal of historical studies appearing three times a year

Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire

A Belgian journal containing articles presenting original research in the areas of philology and history. The first issue each year is dedicated to Ancient History and Classical Philology, the third issue to Romance, Germanic and Slavonic Philology, the second and fourth to Medieval, Modern and Contemporary History


For more information on magazines in the LLC, please click here.

Study programmes and research at the university


Doctoral School


Web resources

Websites for historians


The humanities portal (Fachportal für die Geisteswissenschaften) is designed as the main Internet gateway to subject matter relating to German-language historical sciences.

Established in 2001, Clio-online is run as a project by several institutions (since 2007 as an association). Its founding members include the Humboldt University in Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the two state libraries in Berlin and Munich, and the Göttingen State and University Library. Clio-online offers the following important modules, among others:

  • A web directory offering proven and informative websites for historians, checked for their scientific reliability. The websites are classified by subject.
  • Numerous reviews of publications in the field of history.
  • Articles serving as “guides” to specific topics or ancillary sciences and pointing to important sources of information for further work in that subject area.
  • An institute directory listing institutions of all kinds of possible importance to history students.
  • A researcher directory where researchers can list themselves and their research areas.

Under the Clio-Online umbrella you will also find the “European History” and “Contemporary History Online” portals as well as the specialised communication platform H-Soz-u-Kult.

Similar to Clio-online, the website - Geschichtswissenschaften im Internet - provides centralised access to the wide range of historical and related offerings available on the Internet. is also run by an association in cooperation with several academic institutions, including the Bavarian State Library, Munich’s Ludwig-Maximilian University and the University of Cologne. The following modules are unique to

The Research section contains references and links to online (re)sources important to historians.

Within the context of, online journals freely available on the Internet are also published, including the renowned review journal Sehepunkte.

History websites for specific epochs and regions


Propylaeum is a virtual library for classical studies run by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich and Heidelberg University Library. Like and Clio-online, it has a modular structure. For historians, the most relevant subjects are ancient history and prehistory and early history. “Propylaeum Search” offers a meta search option for integrated research in several library catalogues, databases and internet resources.

Iter Gateway to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Together with other academic institutions, the University of Toronto’s Centre for Reformation and Renaissance runs the modular portal on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, where you will find important bibliographies (including the Iter Bibliography), subject databases, journals and e-books.

Zeitgeschichte Online

Established in 2004 and run mainly by the Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Zeitgeschichte Online, the portal on contemporary history, is part of Clio-online.

Special features include the online encyclopedia Docupedia-Zeitgeschichte on key contemporary history concepts, to which every user can contribute in the form of comments or additions, as well as the use of non-text media as sources for historical research. In addition to references to contemporary historiographical contributions in the press, radio and television, podcasts of contemporary history radio contributions, interviews with contemporary witnesses and film reviews can also be found.

Die Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa (ViFaOst) / The Virtual Library for Eastern Europe

The portal for Eastern European research ViFaOst has been replaced by osmikon, the research portal for Eastern, Eastern-Central and South-Eastern Europe. osmikon is a joint project of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Collegium Carolinum, the Herder Institute for Historical Research on Eastern Central Europe - Institute of the Leibniz Association, the Leibniz Institute for Research on Eastern and South-Eastern Europe and the Austrian National Library.

osmikon continues to offer the services previously found in ViFaOst, while being continuously developed both in terms of content and technology. At the same time, it is the gateway to the Specialised Information Service for Eastern, Eastern-Central and South-Eastern Europe. It is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).

Portal on European History

Again part of the overarching Clio-online offering, all sections in this portal are concentrated on Europe from the 18th century to the present. Its main focus is on the publication of material (texts, images, maps, etc.) on European history.

History-related communication on the Internet


Communication among historians is increasingly taking place online. Internet forums, wikis, blogs and mailing lists are used to rapidly exchange information, facilitate project collaboration between scholars in different locations, and occasionally as venues for historiographical discussions. The most important communication platform for German-language historians is the Internet platform H-Soz-u-Kult, again part of the overall Clio-online offering.


Manuscripts and archive documents

Medieval manuscripts

Manuscripta Mediaevalia

The aim of the Manuscripta Mediaevalia database is to provide free online access to the results of cataloguing German-language manuscripts. Manuscripta Mediaevalia has three main parts: Manuscripts, manuscript collections, manuscript catalogues.

The Material section contains a collection of links to many websites of help in dealing with medieval sources.


Archived documents

Archives generally contain unpublished documents.


ArchivePortalEurope provides access to archived source information as well as further information on archives throughout Europe.


Source directories

A special type of source index are document indexes, so-called Regests. Regests exist on the history of individual regions and cities and on papal history. One outstanding example is the Regesta Imperii.

Regesta Imperii

One of the largest and most important source works on German and European history,

the Regesta Imperii is an index of all documents and historiographical sources on the Roman-German kings and emperors from the Carolingians to Emperor Maximilian I, as well as on the popes of the early and high Middle Ages.

In its print version, the Regesta Imperii is structured by rulers or ruling dynasties in different volumes.

The online version is freely available on the Internet.

Search via a search mask for keywords, regest numbers or data in all or individual volumes, but you can also use the digitalised indexes referring to all or specific volumes.


Newspapers as a historical source

Newspapers constitute an important source for historical research, as they report on events considered important in their time.




Photo, sound and film sources

Photo sources

The digital Bildarchiv des Bundesarchivs (the photo archive of the German Federal Archives)

It has 12 million photos relating to German history, with a clear focus on the 20th century. Currently, a representative cross-section of some 245,000 of its photos is freely available in a database.


Ancillary sciences

Ancillary sciences help in the preparation and classification of various historical sources.

Virtual Library Historische Hilfswissenschaften /Ancillary Sciences



Interesting websites

Centre virtuel sur la connaissance de l’Europe (CVCE)

The research infrastructure offered by the University of Luxembourg provides access to thousands of documents and publications on European integration.

Early Printed Books

Resources for learning and teaching.

Institut national de l’audiovisuel (INA)


Portal Rheinische Geschichte


Société internationale pour l’étude des femmes de l’Ancien Régime (SIEFAR)



For more information on courses offered by the library, please click here.