Case Law

The following is a compilation of the jurisprudence of the European courts as regards broadcasting and audiovisual media services. It will take into account the early case law with respect to the adoption and content of the Television without Frontiers Directive as well as the more recent rulings rendered by the European courts under the new regime of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive. In addition, relevant case law of the European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA) Court and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is included/considered.
The list below is structured according to the chapters of the codified AVMS Directive 2010/13/EU, while taking into account the case law of its entire legislative development starting in the 1980s. In order to facilitate finding of the case, its exact reference is indicated to the respective courts' records.

1.   Definitions

Case C-210/96 Gut Springerheide [1998] ECR I-4657
Case C-318/00 Bacardi-Martini [2003] ECR I-905
Case C-429/02 Bacardi France SA v TF1 [2004] I-6613
Case C-89/04 Mediakabel BV v Commissariaat voor de Media [2005] ECR I-4891
Case C-195/06 KommAustria v ORF [2007] ECR I-8817
Case C-281/09 European Commission v Kingdom of Spain [2011]
Opinion of Advocate General Bot of 7 April 2011 in Case C-281/09 European Commission v Kingdom of Spain
Case C-517/09 RTL Belgium SA [preliminary reference on the interpretation of the notion “editorial responsibility” was declared  inadmissible on 22 December 2010]
Case C-52/10 Eleftheri tileorasi and Giannikos [2011]
Case C-162/11 Publikumsrat des Österreichischen Rundfunks v Österreichischer Rundfunk, removed from the register on 26 July 2011 [preliminary reference on the interpretation of the notion "television advertising"]
Case C-347/14 New Media Online, [2015]

 

 

 

 

2.   General provisions

2.1. Competence 

Case 155/73 Giuseppe Sacchi [1974] ECR 409
Case 52/79 Procureur du Roi v Marc J.V.C. Debauve and others [1980] ECR 833
Case C-89/04 Mediakabel BV v Commissariaat voor de Media [2005] ECR I-4891

 

 

2.2. Country of origin principle and the circumvention rule

Case 33/74 Van Binsbergen v Bestuur van de Bedrijfsvereniging [1974] ECR 1299
Case C-288/89 Gouda (Mediawet I) [1991] ECR I-4007
Case C-23/93 TV 10 SA v Commissariaat voor de Media [1994] ECR I-4795
EFTA Court Case 8-9/94 Forbrukerombudet v Mattel Scandinavia A/S and Lego Norge A/S [1995] CR 113
Case C-11/95 Commission v Belgium [1996] ECR I-4115
Case C-222/94 European Commission v United Kingdom [1996] ECR I-4025
Case C-14/96 Paul Denuit [1997] ECR I-2785
Case C-56/96 VT4 Ltd v Vlaamse Gemeenschap [1997] ECR I-3143
EFTA Court Case E-8/97 TV 1000 Sverige AB v Norway [1998] CR 68
Case C-212/97 Centros v Erhvervs-og Selskabsstyrelsen [1999] ECR I-1459
Case C-348/96 Calfa [1999] ECR I-11
Case T-69/99 Danish Satellite TV v European Commission (Eurotica Rendez-vous) [2000] ECR II-4039
Case C-208/00 Überseering [2002] ECR I-9919
Case C-167/01 Inspire Art [2003] ECR I-10155
Opinion of Advocate General Bot of 5 May 2011 in Joint Cases C-244-245/10 Mesopotamia Broadcast and Roy TV v Germany [2011]
Joined Cases C-244-245/10 Mesopotamia Broadcast and Roy TV v Germany [2011]

 

2.3. More detailed or stricter rules

Cases C-320, 328-329, 337-339/94 RTI and others v Ministero delle Poste e Telecomunicazioni [1996] ECR I-6471
Case C-412/93 Leclerc-Siplec v TF1 [1995] ECR I -179
Case C-234/12 Sky Italia [2013]

 

 

 

 

3.   Provisions applicable to all audiovisual media services

Case 62/79 Coditel SA and others v Ciné Vog Films and others [1980] ECR 881

 

 

 

4.   Provisions applicable only to on-demand audiovisual media services

 

 

 

5.   Provisions concerning exclusive rights and short news reports in television broadcasting

Case T-33/01 Infront WM AG v European Commission, [2005] ECR II-5897
Case C-125/06P European Commission v Infront WM AG, [2008] ECR I-1415
Case T-250/08 Batchelor v Commission [2011]
Case T-385/07 FIFA v European Commission, [2011]
Case T-55/08 UEFA v European Commission, [2011]
Case T-68/08 FIFA v European Commission, [2011]
Joined Cases C-403, 429/08 Football Association Premier League a.o., Murphy [2011]
Case C-201/11P UEFA v Commission [2013]
Case C-204/11P FIFA v Commission [2013]
Case C-205/11P FIFA v Commission [2013]
C-283/11 Sky Österreich [2013] and Opinion of Advocate General Bot of 12 June 2012

 

 

 

6.   Promotion of distribution and production of television programmes

 

 

 

7.   Television advertising and teleshopping

Cases C-320, 328-329, 337-339/94 RTI and others v Ministero delle Poste e Telecomunicazioni [1996] ECR I-6471
Case C-34-36/95 De Agostini [1997] ECR I-3843
Case C-405/08 Gourmet International Products [2001] ECR I-1795
Case C-6/98 ARD v Pro Sieben, [1999] ECR I-7599
Case C-245/01 RTL v NLM, [2003], ECR I-12489
Case C-318/00 Bacardi-Martini [2003] ECR I-905
Case C-262/02 European Commission v France (Loi Evin) [2004] I-6569
Case C-429/02 Bacardi France SA v TF1 [2004] I-6613
Case C-195/06 KommAustria v ORF [2007] ECR I-8817
Case C-281/09 European Commission v Kingdom of Spain [2011]
Case C-234/12 Sky Italia [2013]
Case C-314/14 Sanoma Media Finland Oy/Nelonen Media, Helsinki, [2016]

 

 

 

8.   Protection of minors in television broadcasting

ECtHR Case Handyside, 1976, Appl. 5493/72
EFTA Court Case E-8/97 TV 1000 Sverige AB v Norway [1998] CR