Abstract: Ambient Intelligence constitutes a new paradigm for the interactions among intelligent devices and smart objects acting on behalf of humans. The ultimate goal of Ambient Intelligence systems is to transform our living and working environments into “intelligent spaces” able to adapt to changes in context and to users’ social needs. The concept of conviviality has recently been introduced as a social science concept for Ambient Intelligence to highlight soft qualitative requirements like user friendliness of systems. To make Ambient Intelligent systems desirable for humans, they must be convivial and private, i.e., fulfil both their need for social interactions, making communication and cooperation among participants easier, while also preserving the privacy of each individual. Hence the need for trade-offs between being private and convivial; intuitively the former keeping information to a small circle of insiders while the later shares it with all.

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