Key facts

Luxembourg has an area of 2,586 km2 and 571,000 inhabitants (2015). 46% of the population is not of Luxembourgish nationality. Every day, 150,000 cross-border commuters from Belgium, France and Germany come to work in Luxembourg.

The two dominant natural regions are Éisleck in the north, a plateau etched into the Ardennes, and Gutland in the south, an undulating plain. A third of the territory is forested, and half is used for agricultural purposes, of which about 1% is reserved for viticulture.

The varied landscape is what gives Luxembourg its charm, with the many green areas offering both a recreational and touristic character.

Luxembourg has a subatlantic climate with a tendency to a wet and temperate climate. The average annual temperature is around 10°C. Luxembourgish winters are on average wet and mild, and summers sometimes hot and dry.

Following the increase in population, Luxembourg has experienced, since the 1990s, a significant increase in urbanisation and the number of commercial activity areas (around Luxembourg City, in the canton of Esch/Alzette and around the Nordstad in Ettelbrück-Diekirch) as well as a dramatic increase in the number of communication routes (new roads and highways, railways).