Luxembourg regions

The North

Northern Luxembourg, commonly known as the Eisléck, is part of the Ardennes massif and stretches over a third of the country. This area is known for its green valleys, deep forests, villages and picturesque castles.

This region also has the highest point in Luxembourg, located in Wilwerdange, at an altitude of 560 metres.

The South

Southern Luxembourg is an industrial land where a once thriving steel industry was born. It houses more than a third of Luxembourg’s total population. The region, commonly known as Terres Rouges, still has remnants of its former blast furnaces or its open-pit mining.

The area has been converted into commercial and high-tech service activities during the last decades. The new district of Belval in the towns of Esch-sur-Alzette and Sassenheim is a prime example.

The Belval site

The municipality of Esch-sur-Alzette with its 33,000 inhabitants is the country’s second largest town and is located in the southern part of the Grand Duchy, in the heart of where Luxembourg’s steel industry used to be. Once the steelworks closed down in 1997, the politicians straightaway began discussing the best future use for this area that covers around 120 hectares.

At the government’s request, a modern, lively city district has been created, where the focus is on research and teaching. The Fonds Belval was set up in 2002 and as a public body was given the task of building a “city of science, research and innovation”.

This exemplary conversion project provides housing for up to 7,000 people, across all age groups. Everything is available here, with educational provision from nursery to university level. There are also shopping malls and leisure amenities such as Rockhal, Luxembourg’s largest concert hall, and a cinema. At the same time, as many as 25,000 people will be able to work, carry out research and study in Belval either in private companies or in research institutes such as the University of Luxembourg and LIST. Everything has been thought of to make life comfortable: everything you might need is here in Belval and accessible either on foot or by bike. Today, Belval is already a national cultural landmark.

The East

The "Little Switzerland of Luxembourg" gives this region its originality, with many narrow valleys embedded in cubic-shaped rocks. It is a popular destination for hikers and tourists.

The other part of this region is formed by the Moselle valley, the area of Luxembourg known for its wine and crémants, benefiting from a mild and sunny microclimate.

The City of Luxembourg

Luxembourg City is a thousand years old with the remains of the ancient fortress once the biggest of Europe and the medieval town.

Today Luxembourg is a cosmopolitan city, an international financial centre and administrative capital of the European Union. These different attributes provide it with a historical, architectural and cultural heritage unique in Europe.

The remains of the former Gibraltar of the North are classified as World Heritage by UNESCO.

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